Volume 8, Issue 2
A Study on Material of Manikin Skin for Measuring Clothing Evaporative Resistance

Liwen Wang, Mingyan Lu & Xiaoqun Dai

Journal of Fiber Bioengineering & Informatics, 8 (2015), pp. 221-228.

Published online: 2015-08

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  • Abstract

Evaporative resistance is an important parameter of clothing in its thermal comfort. The sweating thermal manikin developed for evaporative resistance test needs a textile skin covering its surface to simulate sweating. To investigate the effect of skin material on the measurement, three knitted fabrics (cotton, blend of cotton and polyester, polyester) were made into skins for the sweating thermal manikin Newton. The evaporative resistances of boundary air layer and four clothing ensembles were measured under an isothermal condition. It was found that the evaporative resistances measured with cotton skin were smaller than those measured with the other two skins. The large evaporative area and strong water absorbing ability of thick, dense and hydrophilic cotton skin result in more evaporative heat loss and consequently lower evaporative resistance values.

  • Keywords

Evaporative Resistance Fabric Skin Sweating Thermal Manikin Heat Loss Skin Temperature

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@Article{JFBI-8-221, author = {}, title = {A Study on Material of Manikin Skin for Measuring Clothing Evaporative Resistance}, journal = {Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics}, year = {2015}, volume = {8}, number = {2}, pages = {221--228}, abstract = {Evaporative resistance is an important parameter of clothing in its thermal comfort. The sweating thermal manikin developed for evaporative resistance test needs a textile skin covering its surface to simulate sweating. To investigate the effect of skin material on the measurement, three knitted fabrics (cotton, blend of cotton and polyester, polyester) were made into skins for the sweating thermal manikin Newton. The evaporative resistances of boundary air layer and four clothing ensembles were measured under an isothermal condition. It was found that the evaporative resistances measured with cotton skin were smaller than those measured with the other two skins. The large evaporative area and strong water absorbing ability of thick, dense and hydrophilic cotton skin result in more evaporative heat loss and consequently lower evaporative resistance values.}, issn = {2617-8699}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.3993/jfbim00088}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/4701.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - A Study on Material of Manikin Skin for Measuring Clothing Evaporative Resistance JO - Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics VL - 2 SP - 221 EP - 228 PY - 2015 DA - 2015/08 SN - 8 DO - http://doi.org/10.3993/jfbim00088 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/4701.html KW - Evaporative Resistance KW - Fabric Skin KW - Sweating Thermal Manikin KW - Heat Loss KW - Skin Temperature AB - Evaporative resistance is an important parameter of clothing in its thermal comfort. The sweating thermal manikin developed for evaporative resistance test needs a textile skin covering its surface to simulate sweating. To investigate the effect of skin material on the measurement, three knitted fabrics (cotton, blend of cotton and polyester, polyester) were made into skins for the sweating thermal manikin Newton. The evaporative resistances of boundary air layer and four clothing ensembles were measured under an isothermal condition. It was found that the evaporative resistances measured with cotton skin were smaller than those measured with the other two skins. The large evaporative area and strong water absorbing ability of thick, dense and hydrophilic cotton skin result in more evaporative heat loss and consequently lower evaporative resistance values.
Liwen Wang, Mingyan Lu & Xiaoqun Dai. (2019). A Study on Material of Manikin Skin for Measuring Clothing Evaporative Resistance. Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics. 8 (2). 221-228. doi:10.3993/jfbim00088
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