Volume 9, Issue 3
Air Permeability and Moisture Management Properties of Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes

Vinod Kadam, Amit Jadhav, Rajkishore Nayak, Lijing Wang & Rajiv Padhye

Journal of Fiber Bioengineering & Informatics, 9 (2016), pp. 167-176.

Published online: 2016-09

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  • Abstract

Recently, electrospun nanofiber membranes (ENMs) have been received an increased attention in personal protective clothing owing to their excellent filtration efficiency and low basis weight as filtering materials. However, high resistance to air flow is a major drawback of ENMs which in turn effect on comfort. In addition, comfort properties such as moisture management of ENMs need to be evaluated for practical applications. It is argued that air permeability and moisture management influenced by selection of electrospinning process parameters. This research studied the effect of collector speed and deposition time on the air permeability of ENMs. Polyacrylonitrile nanofibers that had the diameter in the range of 291--877 nm were fabricated. The deposition time significantly influenced air permeability, unlike collector speed. Hence a short deposition time is desirable. A good correlation was found between the theoretical porosity and experimental air permeability of ENM. Furthermore, it was found that moisture management properties of ENM require improvements for personal protective clothing.

  • Keywords

Electrospinning Air Permeability Moisture Management Porosity Nanofiber Membrane

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COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{JFBI-9-167, author = {}, title = {Air Permeability and Moisture Management Properties of Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes}, journal = {Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics}, year = {2016}, volume = {9}, number = {3}, pages = {167--176}, abstract = {Recently, electrospun nanofiber membranes (ENMs) have been received an increased attention in personal protective clothing owing to their excellent filtration efficiency and low basis weight as filtering materials. However, high resistance to air flow is a major drawback of ENMs which in turn effect on comfort. In addition, comfort properties such as moisture management of ENMs need to be evaluated for practical applications. It is argued that air permeability and moisture management influenced by selection of electrospinning process parameters. This research studied the effect of collector speed and deposition time on the air permeability of ENMs. Polyacrylonitrile nanofibers that had the diameter in the range of 291--877 nm were fabricated. The deposition time significantly influenced air permeability, unlike collector speed. Hence a short deposition time is desirable. A good correlation was found between the theoretical porosity and experimental air permeability of ENM. Furthermore, it was found that moisture management properties of ENM require improvements for personal protective clothing.}, issn = {2617-8699}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.3993/jfbim00243}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/10600.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Air Permeability and Moisture Management Properties of Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes JO - Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics VL - 3 SP - 167 EP - 176 PY - 2016 DA - 2016/09 SN - 9 DO - http://doi.org/10.3993/jfbim00243 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/10600.html KW - Electrospinning KW - Air Permeability KW - Moisture Management KW - Porosity KW - Nanofiber Membrane AB - Recently, electrospun nanofiber membranes (ENMs) have been received an increased attention in personal protective clothing owing to their excellent filtration efficiency and low basis weight as filtering materials. However, high resistance to air flow is a major drawback of ENMs which in turn effect on comfort. In addition, comfort properties such as moisture management of ENMs need to be evaluated for practical applications. It is argued that air permeability and moisture management influenced by selection of electrospinning process parameters. This research studied the effect of collector speed and deposition time on the air permeability of ENMs. Polyacrylonitrile nanofibers that had the diameter in the range of 291--877 nm were fabricated. The deposition time significantly influenced air permeability, unlike collector speed. Hence a short deposition time is desirable. A good correlation was found between the theoretical porosity and experimental air permeability of ENM. Furthermore, it was found that moisture management properties of ENM require improvements for personal protective clothing.
Vinod Kadam, Amit Jadhav, Rajkishore Nayak, Lijing Wang & Rajiv Padhye. (2019). Air Permeability and Moisture Management Properties of Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes. Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics. 9 (3). 167-176. doi:10.3993/jfbim00243
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