Volume 6, Issue 3
Thermal Comfort Properties of Wool and Polyester/Wool Woven Fabrics Dyed in Black

Salwa Tashkandi, Stanley M. Fergusson, Lijing Wang & Sinnappoo Kanesalingam

Journal of Fiber Bioengineering & Informatics, 6 (2013), pp. 265-275.

Published online: 2013-06

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  • Abstract

An abaya is a traditional Muslim woman's outer garment. It is black and worn on a day-to-day basis when women are outside their homes. The abaya absorbs most of the heat from sunlight in a hot climate as it is black, making the wearer very uncomfortable. In order to reduce absorption of heat in an abaya and to make the wearer more comfortable, it is proposed that a treatment with a solar energy reflector could enable the wearer to perspire less; thus allowing them to feel cooler. This paper investigates the thermal comfort properties of plain-woven fabrics dyed in black and treated chemically to reflect a proportion of sunlight's energy. The fabrics were made from 100% wool and two polyester/wool blends. The testing results showed that the fabrics that had received the reflective treatment possessed marginally improved thermal comfort properties as compared to fabrics without the treatment.

  • Keywords

Abaya Black Woven Fabric Thermal Comfort Air Permeability Moisture Management

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@Article{JFBI-6-265, author = {}, title = {Thermal Comfort Properties of Wool and Polyester/Wool Woven Fabrics Dyed in Black}, journal = {Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics}, year = {2013}, volume = {6}, number = {3}, pages = {265--275}, abstract = {An abaya is a traditional Muslim woman's outer garment. It is black and worn on a day-to-day basis when women are outside their homes. The abaya absorbs most of the heat from sunlight in a hot climate as it is black, making the wearer very uncomfortable. In order to reduce absorption of heat in an abaya and to make the wearer more comfortable, it is proposed that a treatment with a solar energy reflector could enable the wearer to perspire less; thus allowing them to feel cooler. This paper investigates the thermal comfort properties of plain-woven fabrics dyed in black and treated chemically to reflect a proportion of sunlight's energy. The fabrics were made from 100% wool and two polyester/wool blends. The testing results showed that the fabrics that had received the reflective treatment possessed marginally improved thermal comfort properties as compared to fabrics without the treatment.}, issn = {2617-8699}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.3993/jfbi09201304}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/4840.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Thermal Comfort Properties of Wool and Polyester/Wool Woven Fabrics Dyed in Black JO - Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics VL - 3 SP - 265 EP - 275 PY - 2013 DA - 2013/06 SN - 6 DO - http://doi.org/10.3993/jfbi09201304 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/4840.html KW - Abaya KW - Black Woven Fabric KW - Thermal Comfort KW - Air Permeability KW - Moisture Management AB - An abaya is a traditional Muslim woman's outer garment. It is black and worn on a day-to-day basis when women are outside their homes. The abaya absorbs most of the heat from sunlight in a hot climate as it is black, making the wearer very uncomfortable. In order to reduce absorption of heat in an abaya and to make the wearer more comfortable, it is proposed that a treatment with a solar energy reflector could enable the wearer to perspire less; thus allowing them to feel cooler. This paper investigates the thermal comfort properties of plain-woven fabrics dyed in black and treated chemically to reflect a proportion of sunlight's energy. The fabrics were made from 100% wool and two polyester/wool blends. The testing results showed that the fabrics that had received the reflective treatment possessed marginally improved thermal comfort properties as compared to fabrics without the treatment.
Salwa Tashkandi, Stanley M. Fergusson, Lijing Wang & Sinnappoo Kanesalingam. (2019). Thermal Comfort Properties of Wool and Polyester/Wool Woven Fabrics Dyed in Black. Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics. 6 (3). 265-275. doi:10.3993/jfbi09201304
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