Volume 6, Issue 1
Structural Features and Microwave Absorbing Properties of Polyaniline-Montmorillonite Composites Prepared by In-Situ

Sisi Deng and Guang Li

10.3993/jfbi03201303

Journal of Fiber Bioengineering & Informatics, 6 (2013), pp. 33-40.

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  • Abstract

Polyaniline (PANI)/montmorillonite (MMT) composites were prepared by in-situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of MMT with ammonium persulfate (APS) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) as oxidant and acid dopant, respectively. PANI/MMT composites on structural properties were analyzed by FT-IR, XRD and SEM. The result of FT-IR analysis signified an interaction between PANI backbones and MMT layer surfaces. X-ray diffraction showed an increase in the interlayer spacing of MMT, signifying PANI was intercalated into the MMT galleries. PANI prepared in the presence of MMT exhibited flake-like morphology rather than granular particle form of PANI without MMT. PANI/MMT10% showed higher electrical conductivity than pristine PANI. PANI and PANI/MMT were separately used as the fillers to prepare paraffin composites and PANI/MMT10% had a better microwave absorbing performance than PANI. The minimum reflection loss of PANI/MMT10%/paraffin composites with thickness of 8.0 mm were -37 dB at 14.8 GHz and the effective absorption band under -10 dB was from 13 to 16 GHz.

  • History

Published online: 2013-06

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