Volume 6, Issue 1
Structural Features and Microwave Absorbing Properties of Polyaniline-Montmorillonite Composites Prepared by In-Situ

Sisi Deng & Guang Li

Journal of Fiber Bioengineering & Informatics, 6 (2013), pp. 33-40.

Published online: 2013-06

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  • Abstract

Polyaniline (PANI)/montmorillonite (MMT) composites were prepared by in-situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of MMT with ammonium persulfate (APS) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) as oxidant and acid dopant, respectively. PANI/MMT composites on structural properties were analyzed by FT-IR, XRD and SEM. The result of FT-IR analysis signified an interaction between PANI backbones and MMT layer surfaces. X-ray diffraction showed an increase in the interlayer spacing of MMT, signifying PANI was intercalated into the MMT galleries. PANI prepared in the presence of MMT exhibited flake-like morphology rather than granular particle form of PANI without MMT. PANI/MMT10% showed higher electrical conductivity than pristine PANI. PANI and PANI/MMT were separately used as the fillers to prepare paraffin composites and PANI/MMT10% had a better microwave absorbing performance than PANI. The minimum reflection loss of PANI/MMT10%/paraffin composites with thickness of 8.0 mm were -37 dB at 14.8 GHz and the effective absorption band under -10 dB was from 13 to 16 GHz.

  • Keywords

Polyaniline MMT Composites Intercalation Microwave Properties

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COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{JFBI-6-33, author = {}, title = {Structural Features and Microwave Absorbing Properties of Polyaniline-Montmorillonite Composites Prepared by In-Situ}, journal = {Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics}, year = {2013}, volume = {6}, number = {1}, pages = {33--40}, abstract = {Polyaniline (PANI)/montmorillonite (MMT) composites were prepared by in-situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of MMT with ammonium persulfate (APS) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) as oxidant and acid dopant, respectively. PANI/MMT composites on structural properties were analyzed by FT-IR, XRD and SEM. The result of FT-IR analysis signified an interaction between PANI backbones and MMT layer surfaces. X-ray diffraction showed an increase in the interlayer spacing of MMT, signifying PANI was intercalated into the MMT galleries. PANI prepared in the presence of MMT exhibited flake-like morphology rather than granular particle form of PANI without MMT. PANI/MMT10% showed higher electrical conductivity than pristine PANI. PANI and PANI/MMT were separately used as the fillers to prepare paraffin composites and PANI/MMT10% had a better microwave absorbing performance than PANI. The minimum reflection loss of PANI/MMT10%/paraffin composites with thickness of 8.0 mm were -37 dB at 14.8 GHz and the effective absorption band under -10 dB was from 13 to 16 GHz.}, issn = {2617-8699}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.3993/jfbi03201303}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/4819.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Structural Features and Microwave Absorbing Properties of Polyaniline-Montmorillonite Composites Prepared by In-Situ JO - Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics VL - 1 SP - 33 EP - 40 PY - 2013 DA - 2013/06 SN - 6 DO - http://dor.org/10.3993/jfbi03201303 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/4819.html KW - Polyaniline KW - MMT KW - Composites KW - Intercalation KW - Microwave Properties AB - Polyaniline (PANI)/montmorillonite (MMT) composites were prepared by in-situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of MMT with ammonium persulfate (APS) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) as oxidant and acid dopant, respectively. PANI/MMT composites on structural properties were analyzed by FT-IR, XRD and SEM. The result of FT-IR analysis signified an interaction between PANI backbones and MMT layer surfaces. X-ray diffraction showed an increase in the interlayer spacing of MMT, signifying PANI was intercalated into the MMT galleries. PANI prepared in the presence of MMT exhibited flake-like morphology rather than granular particle form of PANI without MMT. PANI/MMT10% showed higher electrical conductivity than pristine PANI. PANI and PANI/MMT were separately used as the fillers to prepare paraffin composites and PANI/MMT10% had a better microwave absorbing performance than PANI. The minimum reflection loss of PANI/MMT10%/paraffin composites with thickness of 8.0 mm were -37 dB at 14.8 GHz and the effective absorption band under -10 dB was from 13 to 16 GHz.
Sisi Deng & Guang Li. (2019). Structural Features and Microwave Absorbing Properties of Polyaniline-Montmorillonite Composites Prepared by In-Situ. Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics. 6 (1). 33-40. doi:10.3993/jfbi03201303
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