Volume 2, Issue 2
An Efficient Real Space Method for Orbital-Free Density-Functional Theory

C. J. García-Cervera

DOI:

Commun. Comput. Phys., 2 (2007), pp. 334-357.

Published online: 2007-02

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  • Abstract

We consider the Thomas-Fermi-von Weizsacker energy functional, with the Wang-Teter correction, and present an efficient real space method for Orbital-Free Density Functional Theory. It is proved that the energy minimizer satisfies a second order quasilinear elliptic equation, even at the points where the electron density vanishes. This information is used to construct an efficient energy minimization method for the resulting constrained problem, based on the truncated Newton method for unconstrained optimization. The Wang-Teter kernel is analyzed, and its behavior in real space at short and far distances is determined. A second order accurate discretization of the energy is obtained using finite differences. The efficiency and accuracy of the method is illustrated with numerical simulations in an Aluminium FCC lattice.

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COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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