Volume 14, Issue 1
Convergence Analysis and Error Estimate for Distributed Optimal Control Problems Governed by Stokes Equations with Velocity-Constraint

Liang Ge, Haifeng Niu & Jianwei Zhou

Adv. Appl. Math. Mech., 14 (2022), pp. 33-55.

Published online: 2021-11

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  • Abstract

In this paper, spectral approximations for distributed optimal control problems governed by the Stokes equation are considered. And the constraint set on velocity is stated with $L^2$-norm. Optimality conditions of the continuous and discretized systems are deduced with the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions and a Lagrange multiplier depending on the constraint. To solve the equivalent systems with high accuracy, Galerkin spectral approximations are employed to discretize the constrained optimal control systems. Meanwhile, we adopt a parameter $\lambda$ in the pressure approximation space, which also guarantees the inf-sup condition, and study a priori error estimates for the velocity and pressure. Specially, an efficient algorithm based on the Uzawa algorithm is proposed and its convergence results are investigated with rigorous analyses. Numerical experiments are performed to confirm the theoretical results.

  • Keywords

Optimal control, spectral approximation, Stokes equation, convergence analysis.

  • AMS Subject Headings

49J20, 65N15, 65N35

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{AAMM-14-33, author = {Ge , Liang and Niu , Haifeng and Zhou , Jianwei}, title = {Convergence Analysis and Error Estimate for Distributed Optimal Control Problems Governed by Stokes Equations with Velocity-Constraint}, journal = {Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics}, year = {2021}, volume = {14}, number = {1}, pages = {33--55}, abstract = {

In this paper, spectral approximations for distributed optimal control problems governed by the Stokes equation are considered. And the constraint set on velocity is stated with $L^2$-norm. Optimality conditions of the continuous and discretized systems are deduced with the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions and a Lagrange multiplier depending on the constraint. To solve the equivalent systems with high accuracy, Galerkin spectral approximations are employed to discretize the constrained optimal control systems. Meanwhile, we adopt a parameter $\lambda$ in the pressure approximation space, which also guarantees the inf-sup condition, and study a priori error estimates for the velocity and pressure. Specially, an efficient algorithm based on the Uzawa algorithm is proposed and its convergence results are investigated with rigorous analyses. Numerical experiments are performed to confirm the theoretical results.

}, issn = {2075-1354}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0302}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/aamm/19975.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Convergence Analysis and Error Estimate for Distributed Optimal Control Problems Governed by Stokes Equations with Velocity-Constraint AU - Ge , Liang AU - Niu , Haifeng AU - Zhou , Jianwei JO - Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics VL - 1 SP - 33 EP - 55 PY - 2021 DA - 2021/11 SN - 14 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0302 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/aamm/19975.html KW - Optimal control, spectral approximation, Stokes equation, convergence analysis. AB -

In this paper, spectral approximations for distributed optimal control problems governed by the Stokes equation are considered. And the constraint set on velocity is stated with $L^2$-norm. Optimality conditions of the continuous and discretized systems are deduced with the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions and a Lagrange multiplier depending on the constraint. To solve the equivalent systems with high accuracy, Galerkin spectral approximations are employed to discretize the constrained optimal control systems. Meanwhile, we adopt a parameter $\lambda$ in the pressure approximation space, which also guarantees the inf-sup condition, and study a priori error estimates for the velocity and pressure. Specially, an efficient algorithm based on the Uzawa algorithm is proposed and its convergence results are investigated with rigorous analyses. Numerical experiments are performed to confirm the theoretical results.

Liang Ge, Haifeng Niu & Jianwei Zhou. (1970). Convergence Analysis and Error Estimate for Distributed Optimal Control Problems Governed by Stokes Equations with Velocity-Constraint. Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. 14 (1). 33-55. doi:10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0302
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