Volume 13, Issue 5
Jacobi Spectral Galerkin Methods for a Class of Nonlinear Weakly Singular Volterra Integral Equations

Kapil Kant, Moumita Mandal & Gnaneshwar Nelakanti

Adv. Appl. Math. Mech., 13 (2021), pp. 1227-1260.

Published online: 2021-06

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  • Abstract

We propose the Jacobi spectral Galerkin and Jacobi spectral multi Galerkin methods with their iterated versions for obtaining the superconvergence results of a general class of nonlinear Volterra integral equations with a kernel $x^{\beta}(z-x)^{-\kappa},$ where $0<\kappa<1$, $\beta>0$, which have an Abel-type and an endpoint singularity. The exact solutions for these types of integral equations are singular at the initial point of integration. First, we apply a transformation of independent variables to find a new integral equation with a sufficiently smooth solution. Then we discuss the superconvergence rates for the transformed equation in both uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms. We obtain the order of convergence in Jacobi spectral Galerkin method $\mathcal{O}(N^{\frac{3}{4}-r})$ and $\mathcal{O}(N^{-r})$ in uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms, respectively. Whereas iterated Jacobi spectral Galerkin method converges with the order of convergence $\mathcal{O}(N^{-2r})$ in both uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms. We also show that iterated Jacobi spectral multi Galerkin method converges with the orders $\mathcal{O}(N^{-3r}\log{N})$ and $\mathcal{O}(N^{-3r})$ in uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms, respectively. Theoretical results are verified by numerical illustrations.

  • Keywords

Volterra integral equations with weakly singular kernels, Jacobi polynomials, spectral Galerkin method, spectral multi-Galerkin method, superconvergence results.

  • AMS Subject Headings

45D05, 45A05, 65R20

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

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@Article{AAMM-13-1227, author = {Kapil Kant , and Moumita Mandal , and Gnaneshwar Nelakanti , }, title = {Jacobi Spectral Galerkin Methods for a Class of Nonlinear Weakly Singular Volterra Integral Equations}, journal = {Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics}, year = {2021}, volume = {13}, number = {5}, pages = {1227--1260}, abstract = {

We propose the Jacobi spectral Galerkin and Jacobi spectral multi Galerkin methods with their iterated versions for obtaining the superconvergence results of a general class of nonlinear Volterra integral equations with a kernel $x^{\beta}(z-x)^{-\kappa},$ where $0<\kappa<1$, $\beta>0$, which have an Abel-type and an endpoint singularity. The exact solutions for these types of integral equations are singular at the initial point of integration. First, we apply a transformation of independent variables to find a new integral equation with a sufficiently smooth solution. Then we discuss the superconvergence rates for the transformed equation in both uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms. We obtain the order of convergence in Jacobi spectral Galerkin method $\mathcal{O}(N^{\frac{3}{4}-r})$ and $\mathcal{O}(N^{-r})$ in uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms, respectively. Whereas iterated Jacobi spectral Galerkin method converges with the order of convergence $\mathcal{O}(N^{-2r})$ in both uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms. We also show that iterated Jacobi spectral multi Galerkin method converges with the orders $\mathcal{O}(N^{-3r}\log{N})$ and $\mathcal{O}(N^{-3r})$ in uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms, respectively. Theoretical results are verified by numerical illustrations.

}, issn = {2075-1354}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0163}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/aamm/19260.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Jacobi Spectral Galerkin Methods for a Class of Nonlinear Weakly Singular Volterra Integral Equations AU - Kapil Kant , AU - Moumita Mandal , AU - Gnaneshwar Nelakanti , JO - Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics VL - 5 SP - 1227 EP - 1260 PY - 2021 DA - 2021/06 SN - 13 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0163 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/aamm/19260.html KW - Volterra integral equations with weakly singular kernels, Jacobi polynomials, spectral Galerkin method, spectral multi-Galerkin method, superconvergence results. AB -

We propose the Jacobi spectral Galerkin and Jacobi spectral multi Galerkin methods with their iterated versions for obtaining the superconvergence results of a general class of nonlinear Volterra integral equations with a kernel $x^{\beta}(z-x)^{-\kappa},$ where $0<\kappa<1$, $\beta>0$, which have an Abel-type and an endpoint singularity. The exact solutions for these types of integral equations are singular at the initial point of integration. First, we apply a transformation of independent variables to find a new integral equation with a sufficiently smooth solution. Then we discuss the superconvergence rates for the transformed equation in both uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms. We obtain the order of convergence in Jacobi spectral Galerkin method $\mathcal{O}(N^{\frac{3}{4}-r})$ and $\mathcal{O}(N^{-r})$ in uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms, respectively. Whereas iterated Jacobi spectral Galerkin method converges with the order of convergence $\mathcal{O}(N^{-2r})$ in both uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms. We also show that iterated Jacobi spectral multi Galerkin method converges with the orders $\mathcal{O}(N^{-3r}\log{N})$ and $\mathcal{O}(N^{-3r})$ in uniform and weighted $L^2$- norms, respectively. Theoretical results are verified by numerical illustrations.

Kapil Kant, Moumita Mandal & Gnaneshwar Nelakanti. (1970). Jacobi Spectral Galerkin Methods for a Class of Nonlinear Weakly Singular Volterra Integral Equations. Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. 13 (5). 1227-1260. doi:10.4208/aamm.OA-2020-0163
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