Volume 11, Issue 3
Study of Secondary Instability of a Streaky Boundary Layer Under Spanwise-Localized Free-Stream Vortical Disturbances

Adv. Appl. Math. Mech., 11 (2019), pp. 686-699.

Published online: 2019-01

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• Abstract

Secondary instability of a streaky boundary layer under spanwise-localized free-stream vortical disturbances (FSVD) is investigated using BiGlobal instability analysis. The instability analysis is performed at different streamwise locations and at different instants in a whole time period and  the results in space-time $(x-t)$  plane are taken into consideration, such that unstable modes are found in four unstable zones. According to the comparison of mode growth accumulation, we find that the contribution of secondary instability to bypass transition is much more important than T-S waves and  that the center strong streak plays the key role in secondary instability. The sinuous type outer mode at center low-speed streak is the dominant unstable mode and  this agrees with experimental observation. The inner mode at center high-speed streak also has high growth rate, but its growth cannot keep accumulating, resulting in its unimportant role in secondary instability. All unstable modes found in this paper appear at Fjortoft inflection points of the basic flow in gradient direction, implying that the modes have the same physical nature, i.e., they are caused by inflectional instability of the shear flow.

• Keywords

Secondary instability, BiGlobal instability analysis, streaky boundary layer, bypass transition, Fjortoft inflection point.

76E09

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@Article{AAMM-11-686, author = {}, title = {Study of Secondary Instability of a Streaky Boundary Layer Under Spanwise-Localized Free-Stream Vortical Disturbances}, journal = {Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics}, year = {2019}, volume = {11}, number = {3}, pages = {686--699}, abstract = {

Secondary instability of a streaky boundary layer under spanwise-localized free-stream vortical disturbances (FSVD) is investigated using BiGlobal instability analysis. The instability analysis is performed at different streamwise locations and at different instants in a whole time period and  the results in space-time $(x-t)$  plane are taken into consideration, such that unstable modes are found in four unstable zones. According to the comparison of mode growth accumulation, we find that the contribution of secondary instability to bypass transition is much more important than T-S waves and  that the center strong streak plays the key role in secondary instability. The sinuous type outer mode at center low-speed streak is the dominant unstable mode and  this agrees with experimental observation. The inner mode at center high-speed streak also has high growth rate, but its growth cannot keep accumulating, resulting in its unimportant role in secondary instability. All unstable modes found in this paper appear at Fjortoft inflection points of the basic flow in gradient direction, implying that the modes have the same physical nature, i.e., they are caused by inflectional instability of the shear flow.

}, issn = {2075-1354}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/aamm.2018.s12}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/aamm/12991.html} }
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