Volume 4, Issue 4
Numerical Simulation of a Multi-Frequency Resistivity Logging-While-Drilling Tool Using a Highly Accurate and Adaptive Higher-Order Finite Element Method

Zhonghua Ma ,  Dejun Liu ,  Hui Li and Xinsheng Gao


Adv. Appl. Math. Mech., 4 (2012), pp. 439-453.

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  • Abstract

A novel, highly efficient and accurate adaptive higher-order finite element method ($hp$-FEM) is used to simulate a multi-frequency resistivity logging-while-drilling (LWD) tool response in a borehole environment. Presented in this study are the vector expression of Maxwell's equations, three kinds of boundary conditions, stability weak formulation of Maxwell's equations, and automatic $hp$-adaptivity strategy. The new $hp$-FEM can select optimal refinement and calculation strategies based on the practical formation model and error estimation. Numerical experiments show that the new $hp$-FEM has an exponential convergence rate in terms of relative error in a user-prescribed quantity of interest against the degrees of freedom, which provides more accurate results than those obtained using the adaptive $h$-FEM. The numerical results illustrate the high efficiency and accuracy of the method at a given LWD tool structure and parameters in different physical models, which further confirm the accuracy of the results using the Hermes library (http://hpfem.org/hermes) with a multi-frequency resistivity LWD tool response in a borehole environment.

  • History

Published online: 2012-04

  • AMS Subject Headings

35Q61, 35Q86, 74S05

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