TY - JOUR T1 - Fourth-Order Splitting Methods for Time-Dependant Differential Equations JO - Numerical Mathematics: Theory, Methods and Applications VL - 3 SP - 321 EP - 339 PY - 2008 DA - 2008/01 SN - 1 DO - http://doi.org/ UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/nmtma/6054.html KW - Partial differential equations, operator-splitting methods, evolution equations, ADI methods, LOD methods, stability analysis, higher-order methods. AB -

This study was suggested by previous work on the simulation of evolution equations with scale-dependent processes, e.g., wave-propagation or heat-transfer, that are modeled by wave equations or heat equations. Here, we study both parabolic and hyperbolic equations. We focus on ADI (alternating direction implicit) methods and LOD (locally one-dimensional) methods, which are standard splitting methods of lower order, e.g. second-order. Our aim is to develop higher-order ADI methods, which are performed by Richardson extrapolation, Crank-Nicolson methods and higher-order LOD methods, based on locally higher-order methods. We discuss the new theoretical results of the stability and consistency of the ADI methods. The main idea is to apply a higher-order time discretization and combine it with the ADI methods. We also discuss the discretization and splitting methods for first-order and second-order evolution equations. The stability analysis is given for the ADI method for first-order time derivatives and for the LOD (locally one-dimensional) methods for second-order time derivatives. The higher-order methods are unconditionally stable. Some numerical experiments verify our results.