TY - JOUR T1 - Multi-Breather, Rogue Wave and Multi-Bright-Dark Soliton Interaction of the (2+1)-Dimensional Nonlocal Fokas System AU - Yan , Xue-Wei AU - Chen , Yong AU - Tian , Shou-Fu AU - Wang , Xiu-Bin JO - East Asian Journal on Applied Mathematics VL - 1 SP - 1 EP - 23 PY - 2024 DA - 2024/01 SN - 14 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/eajam.2022-258.300123 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/eajam/22317.html KW - (2+1)-dimensional nonlocal Fokas system, KP hierarchy reduction, multi-breather wave, high-order rogue wave, multi-bright-dark soliton. AB -

We study the (2+1)-dimensional nonlocal Fokas system by using the Hirota’s bilinear method. Firstly, a general tau-function of Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) hierarchy satisfied with the bilinear equation under nonzero boundary condition is derived by considering differential relations and a variable transformation. Secondly, two Gram-type solutions are utilized to the construction of multi-breather, high-order rogue wave, and multi-bright-dark soliton solutions. Then the corresponding parameter restrictions of these solutions are given to satisfy with the complex conjugation symmetry. Furthermore, we find that if the parameter $p_{iI}$ takes different values, the rogue wave solution can be classified as three types of states, such as dark-dark, four-peak and bright-bright high-order rogue wave. If the parameter $c_i$ takes different values, the soliton solution can be classified as three type of states, including the multi-dark, multi-bright-dark and multi-bright solitons. By considering third-type of reduced tau-function to the Hirota’s bilinear equations, we give the collisions between the high-order rogue wave and the multi-bright-dark solitons on constant ($N$ is positive even) or periodic background ($N$ is positive odd). In order to understand the dynamics behaviors of the obtained solutions better, the various rich patterns are theoretically and graphically analyzed in detail.