TY - JOUR T1 - An Efficient and Unconditionally Energy Stable Fully Discrete Scheme for the Confined Ternary Blended Polymers Model AU - Ji , Guanghua AU - Xu , Zhen AU - Yang , Yuqi JO - CSIAM Transactions on Applied Mathematics VL - 3 SP - 480 EP - 514 PY - 2022 DA - 2022/08 SN - 3 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/csiam-am.SO-2021-0036 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/csiam-am/20970.html KW - Confinement, ternary blended polymers, unconditional energy stability, error estimates, Fourier spectral method. AB -

In this paper, we develop a fully discrete scheme to solve the confined ternary blended polymers (TBP) model with four order parameters based on the stabilized-scalar auxiliary variable (S-SAV) approach in time and the Fourier spectral method in space. Then, theoretical analysis is given for the scheme based on the backward differentiation formula. The unconditional energy stability and mass conservation are derived. Rigorous error analysis is carried out to show that the fully discrete scheme converges with order $\mathcal{O}(\tau^2+h^m)$ in the sense of the $L^2$ norm, where $\tau$ is the time step, $h$ is the spatial step, and $m$ is the regularity of the exact solution. Finally, some numerical results are given to demonstrate the theoretical analysis. Moreover, the phase separation of two kinds of polymer particles, namely, Ashura and Janus core-shell particles, is presented to show the morphological structures.