TY - JOUR T1 - New Unconditionally Stable Schemes for the Navier-Stokes Equations AU - Yao , Hui AU - Azaiez , Mejdi AU - Xu , Chuanju JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 4 SP - 1083 EP - 1117 PY - 2021 DA - 2021/08 SN - 30 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2021-0004 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/19395.html KW - Navier-Stokes equations, auxiliary variable approach, unconditional stability, finite element method. AB -

In this paper we propose some efficient schemes for the Navier-Stokes equations. The proposed schemes are constructed based on an auxiliary variable reformulation of the underlying equations, recently introduced by Li et al. [20]. Our objective is to construct and analyze improved schemes, which overcome some of the shortcomings of the existing schemes. In particular, our new schemes have the capability to capture steady solutions for large Reynolds numbers and time step sizes, while keeping the error analysis available. The novelty of our method is twofold: i) Use the Uzawa algorithm to decouple the pressure and the velocity. This is to replace the pressure-correction method considered in [20]. ii) Inspired by the paper [21], we modify the algorithm using an ingredient to capture stationary solutions. In all cases we analyze a first- and second-order schemes and prove the unconditionally energy stability. We also provide an error analysis for the first-order scheme. Finally we validate our schemes by performing simulations of the Kovasznay flow and double lid driven cavity flow. These flow simulations at high Reynolds numbers demonstrate the robustness and efficiency of the proposed schemes.